|4 Months Ended
Apr. 19, 2020
|Unusual or Infrequent Items, or Both [Abstract]
Due to the novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic, we have navigated and continue to navigate an unprecedented time for our business and industry as we collectively work to maintain the stable operation of our business. During the second quarter of 2020, the Company began re-opening dining rooms at Company-owned restaurants in accordance with local limits with re-opened restaurants operating at no higher than 50% occupant capacity. Re-opening dining rooms was executed with the health, safety, and well-being of Red Robin's Team Members, Guests, and communities in mind, and strict adherence to US Centers for Disease Control ("CDC"), state, and local guidelines as our top priority. The COVID-19 pandemic has had a material adverse effect on our business, and we expect the impact from COVID-19 will continue to negatively affect our business through the remainder of fiscal year 2020.
In response to COVID-19's effect on our franchise operations, we temporarily abated franchise royalty payments and advertising contributions effective March 20, 2020. During periods of abated payments, franchise revenue was not recognized or collected from our franchisees. Abated royalty payments and advertising contributions will not be collected by the Company. The Company began charging and collecting partial franchise royalty payments and advertising contributions during the latter half of the second fiscal quarter of 2020. Franchised restaurants operate under contractual arrangements with the Company, and the payments specified in the franchise contracts are accounted for under ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.
In response to the impact of COVID-19 on our operations, beginning April 1, 2020 the Company stopped making full lease payments under its existing lease agreements. During the suspension of payments, the Company continued to recognize expenses and liabilities for lease obligations and corresponding right-of-use assets on the balance sheet in accordance with ASC Topic 842.
We are engaging in ongoing constructive discussions with landlords regarding the potential restructuring of lease payments and rent concessions. As of July 12, 2020, the Company has contractually negotiated rent concessions on certain leases. The types of rent concessions the Company has negotiated include early termination, early renewal, rent deferral, and rent abatement.
For contractual rent concessions that do not substantially change the total cash flows of the lease, the Company has elected to account for these concessions assuming the existing lease agreements provide enforceable rights and obligations consistent with the relief issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board titled ASC Topic 842 and ASC Topic 840: Accounting for Lease Concessions Related to the Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic ("FASB Relief"). For leases where the rent concession did not substantially change the total cash flows, the concession was accounted for as a remeasurement to the lease liability based on the original discount rate with a corresponding adjustment to the right-of-use asset. Additionally, the classification of the leases was not reassessed. The Company recorded an immaterial remeasurement to the lease liability and right-of-use asset resulting from contractual rent concessions under the FASB relief during the second fiscal quarter of 2020.
For contractual rent concessions that substantially changed the total cash flows of the lease and did not qualify for the FASB relief, we applied the modification framework in accordance with ASC Topic 842, Leases. The Company reassessed lease classification for rent concessions that did not qualify for the FASB relief, and it was concluded one lease changed from finance to operating and two leases changed from operating to finance. Based on updated discount rates, a $21.7 million remeasurement was recorded to increase the lease liability, a $21.7 million adjustment was recorded to increase the right-of-use asset, and an immaterial loss was recorded in Occupancy on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income. Contractual rent concessions granted to the Company did not grant the right to use additional assets not included in the original lease contracts, so no separate contracts were accounted for as part of the rent concession modifications.
We performed a goodwill impairment analysis during the first quarter of 2020 resulting in full impairment of our goodwill balance totaling $95.4 million. The goodwill impairment is included in Other charges on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 12, 2020 and was measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of the reporting unit, including goodwill, exceeded its fair value.
During the twelve weeks ended July 12, 2020, the Company recognized $5.3 million of impairment related to restaurant assets included in Other charges on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income resulting from the continuing and projected future results of 6 Company-owned restaurants. Restaurant asset impairment of $2.3 million was related to 4 permanently closed Company-owned restaurants and included in Restaurant closure and refranchising costs in Note 7, Other Charges. Additional restaurant asset impairment was recognized during the twelve weeks ended July 12, 2020 due to changes in management's forecast. Although current fiscal year to date results continue to align with management's forecast, the increase in reported COVID-19 cases across the United States and factors associated with the pandemic have changed management's expectation on the timing of the Company's recovery and projected results in future fiscal periods at certain restaurants. If reported COVID-19 cases continue to increase or other factors associated with the pandemic continue to develop, management's forecast could change in future periods requiring additional restaurant asset impairment.
The Company recognized $15.5 million of impairment related to restaurant assets during the first quarter of 2020 resulting from the continuing and projected future results of 24 Company-owned restaurants. The restaurant asset impairment is included in Other charges on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive (loss) income for the twenty-eight weeks ended July 12, 2020.
Recoverability of restaurant assets, including restaurant sites, leasehold improvements, information technology systems, right-of-use assets, amortizable intangible assets, and other fixed assets, to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of the assets to the future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the assets. Identifiable cash flows are measured at the lowest level for which they are largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets and liabilities, generally at the restaurant level. Each restaurant's past and present operating performance was reviewed in combination with projected future results primarily through projected undiscounted cash flows that included management's current expectation of future financial impacts from COVID-19. If the restaurant assets were determined to be impaired through comparison of the assets carrying value to its undiscounted cash flows, the Company compared the carrying amount of each restaurant's assets to its fair value as estimated by management to calculate the impairment amount. The fair value of restaurant assets is generally determined using a discounted cash flow projection model, which is based on significant inputs not observed in the market and represents a level 3 fair value measurement. In certain cases, management uses other market information, when available, to estimate the fair value of a restaurant's assets. The restaurant asset impairment charges represent the excess of the carrying amount over the estimated fair value of the restaurant assets calculated using a discounted cash flow projection model.
The March 19, 2020 passage of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act") created an opportunity for the Company to carry back 2019 and 2020 projected net operating losses ("NOL's"). As a result, $35 million of federal and state tax receivables are recorded in Prepaid expenses and other current assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of July 12, 2020 and are expected to generate projected cash tax refunds in the range of $14 million to $17 million within the next 12 months. The remaining receivables will be carried forward as allowed under applicable taxing jurisdictions.
As a result of these projected NOL carrybacks, approximately $58 million of the previously utilized FICA tip tax credits will be reinstated. As of July 12, 2020, the existing $79 million FICA tip credit carryforwards will be utilized based on projected future taxable income, however they are anticipated to be replaced by originating FICA tip credits that are not projected to be utilized in the carry forward period. Therefore, a $79 million valuation allowance has been established for the FICA tip credit carryforwards. $27 million of the valuation allowance was recognized during the twelve weeks ended July 12, 2020. To the extent future actual taxable income exceeds the current projections, the FICA tip credit carryforwards may become realizable. The Company's $90 million deferred tax assets are recorded net of the $79 million valuation allowance in Other assets, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of July 12, 2020.
In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the future reversals of existing deferred tax liabilities and projected taxable income, including whether future originating deductible temporary differences are likely to be realized.