Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Franchise Operations

Franchise Operations
12 Months Ended
Dec. 30, 2012
Franchise Operations  
Franchise Operations

13. Franchise Operations

        Results of franchise operations included in the consolidated statements of income consist of the following (in thousands):

  2012   2011   2010  

Franchise royalties and fees:


Royalty income

  $ 14,440   $ 13,863   $ 13,175  

Franchise fees

    61     288     234  

Total franchise royalties and fees

    14,501     14,151     13,409  

        The Company provides management expertise, training, pre-opening assistance, and restaurant operating assistance in exchange for area development fees, franchise fees, license fees, and royalties of 3% to 4% of the franchised adjusted gross restaurant sales. Franchise fee revenue is recognized when all material obligations and initial services to be provided by the Company have been performed, generally upon the opening of the new restaurant. Until earned, these fees are accounted for as deferred revenue. Area development fees are dependent upon the number of restaurants in the territory as well as the Company's obligations under the area franchise agreement. Consequently, as the Company's obligations are met, area development fees are recognized proportionately with the opening of each new restaurant. Royalties are accrued as earned and are calculated each period based on the franchisee's reported adjusted sales.